Software responsible for diagnostics, robots that operate, artificial organs, AI is revolutionizing the management of our health. Should we be afraid of it? Dr. Loïc Etienne’s answer.
Thanks to its tremendous progress, is artificial intelligence about to replace the doctor? Dr. Loïc Etienne, an emergency physician and author of the MEDVIR diagnostic assistance system, has published “The Sorcerers of the Future””(ed. Marabout), a work that sorts between fantasies and reality. It warns us en about the real risks associated with these technologies. Interview.
Current Woman: What are the greatest feats of Artificial Intelligence in Health?
Dr. Loïc Etienne: In health, new technologies that use artificial intelligence are very numerous. Machine learning, which is a form of partir AI, diagnoses tumors from scanners or MRIs in 95% of cases, where doctors only find in about 70% of cases.
“Symptoms checkers” are software that questions the patient to make a diagnosis, is a great opportunity to compensate for medical desertification, according to this specialist. Health professionals will be able to evacuate bobology problems and detect emergencies.
AI‘s alliance with nanotechnology is leading to fantastic advances such as bio printers. In the next 10 years, we’re going to be able to make an organ with our own stem cells. Transplant technology is going to be turned upside down. We already know how to do it with the skin,we are waiting for the artificial pancreas soon, a great hope in type I diabetes.
Not to mention robot surgeons. Under the control of en the doctor,the machine is able to make incisions, sutures of incredible precision for increasingly complex procedures.
If the machine is more reliable than the man,is it not likely-t-to replace the doctor?
A machine is able to collect symptoms but it does not understand the complaint. If you say “I have a migraine”,I ask: “Have you ever had one? “. ” No, but I have a headache.” The doctor has the ability not to take everything the patient says for cash. Another important element is the announcement of a diagnosis. The machine will not put your hand on your shoulder comforting you: “You have cancer but we have means,treatments, we will get by together. “Only a human being can do it. Finally, let’s not forget the power of the placebo effect. The patient heals faster because he trusts his doctor. With a machine that does not feel empathy,the phenomenon of psychological transfer cannot be done. We are moving towards an extremely technical world, with extraordinary algorithms but we will always need a doctor.. This one is going to be much more relevant as it will be attended. It will be an “enhanced doctor.” This will give him more time to give to the doctor-patient relationship.
In your book, you say that we are not worried for the right reasons. What should you be afraid of?
We are moving towards a world 4.0, in which machines will be able to dialogue with each other independently of the human being. The risk is that they decide for us. An AI could say, “You’ve smoked all your life while you’re carrying a risky gene. . Today, you have lung cancer, your disease will not be taken care of your insurer”. Be careful not to become the slave of the machines en by giving them an exorbitant power over our free will. Don’t be afraid of the AI itself,the machine is just a tool.. But with the mass of data recovered by microscopic sensors with an almost eternal lifespan, the machine will be endowed with an exorbitant decision-making power over our lives. Civil society needs to put in place safeguards. So that we become wizards of the future and not sorcerer’s apprentices.