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Source: Le Figaro as of 22-04-2020


BEATRICE OF ROCHEBOU-T bderochebouet@lefigaro. Fr www.

What can artificial intelligence (AI) bring to architecture? «”It’s now and not ten years from now,”», explains Stanislas Chaillou, a young architect and researcher at Harvard University in the United States. The result of his work has given rise to an exhibition at the Arsenal Pavilion. It had to close because of the containment. But we can visit it virtually, conference of this researcher in support, as part of a rich program set en up by the Parisian institution that gives much to see and listen on its website.

The use of AI in architecture is still in its infancy, although it has already invested many other disciplines or industries to make complex operations tangible, reducing time and costs. We must therefore resolve that the profession does not escape this great upheaval, he who has already experienced a revolution by going from handmade sketch to computer-assisted drawing. If Frank Gehry still makes dreams come true by throwing his famous cloud on paper, he needed a battery of software for his technical challenge from the Vuitton Foundation. Jean Nouvel could never have made his dome of the Louvre Abu Dhabi or his Rose of the Sands without the 3D tool. To design its organic buildings, Zaha Hadid was one of the first to use computer-aided production. With it, architecture has taken a giant step. 

Attend without replacing

The AI is the step above. It is a complement to increase the parameterism already widely used in architecture. It opens up an infinite number of possibilities without, however, putting aside the talent of the designer. “The job of architect is to react to the constraint to generate shapes. There is a variable part, that of the perception, the personal experience and the paw of the architect. And a fixed part that is a method shared by all to solve problems.

AI is tackling this fixed share,” explains Stanislas Chaillou. She will attend but will not replace the man!

“You have to demystify AI and go beyond the semantic-t- misunderstanding, because this method is like using a form of statistical modeling to make architecture with, surprisingly, great flexibility,” he adds.. It’s the opposite of the computer that needs to be given rules to solve the problems you’re asking for. In the AI, from thousands of plans and observations, themachine will examine and generate common rules, properties governing the layout of plans that are going to be very useful, especially in the design phase of a building.” You don’t press a button and the solution arrives. It will take a training time to ultimately generate a coherent model or program. The field of exploration remains immense. The aim of AI is to bring ever more variety of solutions, flexibility and performance to generate intelligent structures. 

Reality or utopia. The images transport us. Without totally convincing us yet. It will be up to future generations to assess progress after mastering it.  But already large construction groups have adhered to the method as several architectural agencies and not only large. They have everything to gain.

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