new york — Using artificial intelligence automated monitoring, researchers have designed a smartphone-based method to help people with type-1 diabetes better manage their glucose levels. Paired with a smartphone app called DailyDose, the recommendations from the algorithm were shown to be in agreement with physicians 67.9 per cent of the time. “Our system design is unique. We designed the AI algorithm entirely using a mathematical simulator,” study researcher Nichole Tyler from Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) in the US, said in a paper published in the journal Nature Metabolism.
“When the algorithm was validated on real-world data from people with type 1 diabetes at OHSU, it generated recommendations that were highly similar to recommendations from endocrinologists,” Tyler added. That’s significant because the people with diabetes typically go three to six months between appointments with their endocrinologist. According to the researchers, people with type-1 diabetes do not produce their own insulin, so they must take it continuously through the day using an insulin pump or through multiple daily injections. The algorithm developed by the research team used data collected from a continuous glucose monitor and wireless insulin pens to provide guidance on adjustments. The new study involved monitoring 16 people with type-1 diabetes over the course of four weeks, showing that the model can help reduce hypoglycemia, or low glucose. —